Faculty & Staff at TUC
Department: Basic Sciences
Phone: (707) 648-5305
Office: Administration & Faculty 1, Rm. 129
My research program focuses on comparative functional morphology and biomechanics
of the skull, with a particular interest in feeding-system morphology and performance.
I spent the bulk of my career at Duke University in the School of Medicine, where
I directed a functional morphology laboratory and developed and directed curricula
in the anatomical sciences for the Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) Program and the
Physician Assistant Program. I helped lead the transition to a team-based learning
model of health sciences education and in 2010 was recognized by the Duke School of
Medicine with the Master Teacher/Clinician Award. I am committed to the training and
mentoring of women and underrepresented minorities in STEM. While at Duke, I mentored
more than a dozen women and minority undergraduates in research and helped many of
them graduate with distinction. I also served on the Duke University Diversity Task
Force, where I was involved in developing best mentoring practices for women and underrepresented
minorities, and on the Duke University Steering Committee for the Faculty Women's
Network and Caucus. I am actively involved in the American Association of Physical
Anthropologists (AAPA), having served on the Student Prize Committee, the Program
Committee, and most recently on the Executive Committee. I currently serve on the
AAPA Committee on Diversity, and am a co-founder and co-chair of the AAPA Committee
on Diversity Women's Initiative. As part of this initiative, I deliver professional
development workshops for women biological anthropologists both nationally and internationally. I review
for numerous journals and granting agencies and have served on numerous National Science
Foundation review panels. I served two terms on the editorial board of the Journal of Human Evolution, and currently serve on the editorial board for the American Journal of Physical Anthropology.
Institution Degree Completion Field of Study
University of California, Berkeley BA 1983 Anthropology
Northwestern University MA 1986 Anthropology
University of Pittsburgh PhD 1992 Physical Anthropology
MEDC-602-FOM, Course Director (with Dr. Mark Teaford)
MEDC-602-FOM, anatomy module director
Body and Brain I, DPT Program, Course Director and instructor
Body and Brain II, DPT Program, co-Course Director and instructor
Physician Assistant Anatomy, Course Director
Concepts in Evolutionary Anthropology, Instructor
Evidence-Based Practice, DPT Program, Instructor
Teaching/Learning Elective, DPT Program, Course Director and instructor
Arthrological & Pathological Movement Science I, DPT Program, Course Director and instructor
Professional Development Seminar, DPT Program, Instructor
First-year Graduate Tutorial in Biological Anthropology, Instructor
Human Clinical Anatomy, DPT Program, Course Director and instructor
Palpation, DPT Program, Course Director and instructor
Spine Intervention Society Research Grant Application (2016-2017)
Establishing the pathways of the medial thoracic dorsal rami: A pilot study to define the course of the medial branch nerves as a prerequisite to diagnose and treat zygapophyseal joint pain at the T4-T8 levels ($51,256; PI: A Joshi PI; Co-PI A Taylor; Collaborators: T Amrhein, M Holmes, and J Talsma)
Duke Department of Orthopaedic Surgery Research Internal Funding (2016-2017)
An anatomic and radiologic study to define the source and the course of the articular branches to the thoracic zygapophysial joints ($17,400; PI: A Joshi; Co-PI: A Taylor; Collaborators: T Amrhein and M Holmes)
National Science Foundation (2016-2019)
Function and evolution of jaw-muscle fiber type in primates ($227,000; PI: A Taylor; Co-PI: C Wall)
Duke University Provost’s Intellectual Community Planning Grant (2015-2016)
Physical Biology of Organisms ($4750; PI: S. Patek)
Duke University Core Voucher Grant (2015-2016)
Identification of contractile and metabolic proteins in primate jaw muscles ($7260; PI: A Taylor; Co-PI: C Wall)
Duke Arts & Sciences Council Research Grant (2015-2016)
Identification of contractile and metabolic proteins in primate jaw muscles ($4000; PI: C Wall; Co-PI: A Taylor)
National Science Foundation (2015-2018)
Collaborative Research: Evolution and biomechanics of mandibular form in Australopithecus anamensis and A. afarensis (BCS 1515165; $319,519; Co-PIs: WH Kimbel, C Robinson, CF Ross, A Taylor, CV Ward)
Elsevier New Scholars Program (2015-2017)
Action through organization: supporting mentoring and networking for early career women through the Physical Anthropologists Women’s Initiative ($48,000; Co-PIs: A Taylor and R Bernstein)
Duke University School of Medicine Core Facility Voucher Program (2012-2013)
The role of exercise rehabilitation regimens on muscle muscle performance in mice with Pompe disease (GAA-KO mice) treated with an adeno-associated (AAV) vector ($1000; Co-PIs: A Taylor and L Case).
National Science Foundation (2010-2015)
Collaborative Research: Integrative analysis of the scaling of primate feeding systems (BCS 0962677; $377,582; Co-PIs: CF Ross, A Taylor, J Perry)
National Institutes of Healh (2009-2010)
Effect of exercise on improving strength and function in a Pompe mouse model (GAA-KO) receiving enzyme replacement therapy (R24 HD050837, UCSD National Skeletal Muscle Research Center; $25,000; Co-PIs: L Case and A Taylor)
National Science Foundation Research Experience for Undergraduates (2008-2010)
Jaw-muscle fiber architecture and skull form in primates (BCS 0833394; $3000; PI: A Taylor; Co-PI F Anapol)
LSB Leakey Foundation (2007-2008)
Linking feeding ecology and craniodental morphology in wild orangutans: a quantitative approach ($20,700; Co-PIs: E Vogel, A Taylor and S Wich)
National Science Foundation Research Experience for Undergraduates (2006-2010)
Jaw-muscle fiber architecture and skull form in primates (BCS 0635649; $4,500;PI: A Taylor; Co-PI: F Anapol)
National Science Foundation (2006-2009)
Jaw-muscle biomechanics in primates (BCS 0552285; $199,996; C Vinyard, PI; A Taylor: Collaborator)
National Institutes of Health (2006-2007)
An in vitro study of jaw-muscle fiber architecture and temporomandibular joint angle-muscle excursion (R24 HD050837, UCSD National Skeletal Muscle Research Center; $25,000; PI: A Taylor, Co-PI: CJ Vinyard)
National Science Foundation (2005-2010)
Jaw-muscle fiber architecture and skull form in primates (BCS 0452160; $42,648; PI: A Taylor, Co-PI: F Anapol)
LSB Leakey Foundation (2003-2004)
Ecogeographic correlates of craniomandibular variation in Pongo ($6428; PI: A Taylor)
LSB Leakey Foundation (1998-1999)
Ontogeny and function of maxillomandibular form in the African apes ($6246; PI: A Taylor)
1. Taylor AB, Terhune CE, Toler M, Holmes M, Hylander WL, Ross CF, Vinyard CJ. The hard-object feeding sooty mangabey does not have jaw-muscle fiber architecture or leverage that facilitates relatively large bite forces compared to other papionins. Anatomical Record. Special Issue: Behavioral adaptations in muscle functional morphology, in review.
2. Huq E, Taylor AB, Wall CE. Fiber type composition of epaxial muscles is geared toward facilitating rapid spinal extension in the leaper, Galago senegalensis. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, in review.
3. Iriarte-Diaz J, Terhune CE, Taylor AB, Ross CF. Functional correlates of the position of the axis of rotation of the mandible during chewing in nonhuman primates. Zoology, in review.
4. Panagiotopoulou O, Iriarte-Diaz J, Wilshin S, Dechow PC, Taylor AB, Abraha HM, Aljunid SF, Ross CF. In vivo bone strain and finite element modeling of a rhesus macaque mandible during mastication. Zoology, in review.
5. Taylor, A. Skull morphology, primate. In: The International Encyclopedia of Biological Anthropology,
Trevathan W (ed.). John Wiley and Sons, Inc. (In press).
6. Ross, CF, Iriarte-Diaz, J, Platts E, Walsh T, Heins L, Gerstner GE, Taylor AB. Scaling of rotational inertia of primate mandibles. Journal of Human Evolution 106:119-132, 2017.
7. Ross CF, Iriarte-Diaz J, Reed DA, Stewart TA, Taylor AB. In vivo bone strain in the mandibular corpus of Sapajus during different oral processing behaviors. Journal of Human Evolution 98:36-65, 2016.
8. Coiner-Collier S, Scott RS, Chalk J, Cheyne SM, Constantino P, Dominy NJ, Elgart AA, Glowacka H, Lioyola LC, Ossi-Lupo K, Raguet-Schofield M, Talebi MG, Sala EA, Sieradzy P, Taylor AB, Vinyard CJ, Wright BW, Yamashiuta N, Lucas PW, Vogel ER, 2016. Primate dietary ecology in the context of food mechanical properties. Journal of Human Evolution, 98:103-118, 2016.
9. Antón SC, Taboada H, Middleton ER, Rainwater CW, Taylor AB, Turner TR, Turnquist JE, Weinstein KJ, Williams SA, 2016. Morphological variation in Homo erectus and the origins of developmental plasticity. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 371: 20150236, 2016. (DOI: 1098/rstb.2015.0236).
10. Taylor AB, Yuan T, Ross C, Vinyard CJ. Jaw-muscle force and excursion scale with negative allometry in platyrrhine primates. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 158: 242-256, 2015.
11. Huq E, Wall CE, Taylor AB. Comparative fiber architecture of epaxial muscle in strepsirrhine primate species. Journal of Anatomy, 227:524-540, 2015.
12. Terhune CE, Hylander WL, Vinyard CJ, Taylor AB. Jaw-muscle architecture and mandibular morphology influence relative maximum jaw gapes in the sexually dimorphic Macaca fascicularis. Journal of Human Evolution, 82:145-158, 2015.
13. Goode AP, Reiman MP, Harris L, DeLisa L, Kauffman A, Beltramo D, Ledbetter L, and Taylor AB. Eccentric training for prevention of hamstring injuries may depend on intervention compliance: a systematic review and meta-analysis. British Journal of Sports Medicine. 49:349-356, 2015.
14. Rabey KN, Green DH, Taylor AB, Begun DR, Richmond BG, and McFarlin SC. Locomotor activity influences muscle and bone growth but not muscle attachment site morphology. Journal of Human Evolution,78:91-102, 2014.
15. Vogel E.R., Zulfa, A., Hardus, M.E., Wich, S.A., Dominy, N.J., Taylor, A.B. Food mechanical properties, feeding ecology, and mandibular morphology of wild orangutans. Journal of Human Evolution, 75:110-124, 2014.
16. Taylor AB and Vinyard C.J. The relationships among jaw-muscle fiber architecture, jaw morphology and feeding behavior in extant apes and modern humans. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 151:120-134, 2013.
17. Daegling D, Judex S, Ozcivici E, Ravosa M, Taylor AB, Grine F, Teaford M, and Ungar P. Feeding mechanics, diet and dietary adaptations in early hominins. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 151:356-371, 2013.
18. Chen Y, Williams SH, McNulty AL, Hong JH, Lee SH, Rothfusz NE, Parekh PK, Moore C, Gereau R, Taylor AB, Wang F, Guilak F, and Liedtke W. Temporomandibular joint pain: a critical role for Trpv4 in the trigeminal ganglion. Pain, 154:1295-1304, 2013.
19. Terhune CE, Iriarte-Diaz J, Taylor AB, and Ross CF. The instantaneous center of rotation of the mandible in non-human primates. Integrative and Comparative Biology 51:320-332, 2011.
20. Vinyard CJ and Taylor AB. A preliminary analysis of the relationship between jaw-muscle architecture and jaw-muscle electromyography during chewing across primates. The Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology. In: Organ J, Wang Q, guest editors. Special Issue: From Head to Tail: New Models and Approaches in Primate Functional Anatomy and Biomechanics, 293:572-582, 2010.
21. Taylor AB, Eng, CM, Anapol F, and Vinyard CJ. The functional correlates of jaw-muscle fiber architecture in tree-gouging and nongouging callitrichid monkeys. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 139:353-367, 2009.
22. Organ JM, Teaford MF, and Taylor AB. Functional correlates of fiber architecture of the lateral caudal musculature in prehensile and nonprehensile tails of the Platyrrhini (Primates) and Procyonidae (Carnivora). Anatomical Record Part A: Discoveries in Molecular, Cellular, and Evolutionary Biology 292:827-841, 2009.
23. Taylor AB, and Vinyard CJ. Jaw-muscle fiber architecture in tufted capuchins favors generating relatively large muscle forces without compromising jaw gape. Journal of Human Evolution 57:710-720, 2009.
24. CM, Ward SR, Vinyard CJ, and Taylor AB. The mechanics of the masticatory apparatus facilitate muscle force production at
wide jaw gapes in tree-gouging common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus). Journal of Experimental Biology 212:4040-4055, 2009.
25. Taylor AB and van Schaik CP. Variation in brain size and ecology in Pongo. Journal of Human Evolution 52:59-71, 2007.
Human Evolution Research Center
University of California, Berkeley
2013 AAPA, Service Award
2013 Triangle Scholar Award, National Evolutionary Synthesis Center
2013 Nominee, Research Mentoring Award, Duke University School of Medicine
2010 Selected, The Mid-Career Women Faculty Professional Development Seminar, AAMC
2010 Master Clinician/Teacher Award, Duke University School of Medicine
1990 Andrew Mellon Foundation Predoctoral Fellowship, University of Pittsburgh
1988, 1989 Graduate Research Assistantship award, University of Pittsburgh
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